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Cholesterol

Cholesterol Levels Readings

As with homemade oil-and-vinegar dressing which separates into a watery pool with a fatty surface, so does fat and cholesterol when they are present in the blood. To try and solve this problem, the body transports fat and cholesterol by coating them with a water-soluble "bubble" of proteins, called lipoproteins.

  • Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) carry cholesterol to the tissues. This is "bad" cholesterol, since high LDL levels are linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. L for Lousy.
  • High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) carry excess cholesterol back to the liver, which processes and excretes the cholesterol. HDLs are "good" cholesterol; the more HDL you have, the lower your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. H for Happy.
  • HDLs and LDLs are found only in your blood, not in food.

Dependent upon country, cholesterol levels are measured and shown in either millimoles per litre (mmol/l) in the UK for instance or milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) in the USA for instance.

To convert from mmol/l to mg/dL, multiply the former by 38.67, or to reverse, divide mg/dL by 38.67

One in six of the US adult population has high blood cholesterol

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In Australia over 30% of the adult population has high blood cholesterol

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Children with diagnosed and treated FH live longer

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